Biden, Trump supporters split sharply on hot-button issues, poll finds

From immigration to gender identity, Biden and Trump voters have vastly different views of the nation, but supporters of both men see crime as a critical issue.

(CN) — Biden and Trump supporters are divided on nearly every contested cultural issue including immigration, law enforcement and gender identity, a new Pew Research poll found.

In a survey that asked voters to share their political values related to cultural issues in the context of the 2024 election, Pew Research Center surveyed 8,709 adults — including 7,166 registered voters — from April 8-14.

When it comes to crime and policing, Trump and Biden supporters share more common ground than in other hot-button areas, despite some sharp disagreements.

According to the researchers, a majority of all registered voters say that the criminal justice system in the United States is not tough enough on criminals.

But twice as many Trump followers as Biden followers agreed, with 81% of Trump supporters and only 40% of Biden supporters saying the system is too lenient.

According to Andrew Daniller, a research associate at the Pew Research Center, these numbers show how important crime is to voters regardless of political party.

“I think it gives us some insight into how Americans view the criminal justice system in very general terms and how they view the problem of crime in very general terms,” Daniller said.

While Biden and Trump supporters had some similar responses about certain law enforcement priorities, on others they diverged sharply.

Maintaining public respect for police officers was important for 63% of Trump supporters, while 38% of Biden supporters said the same.

But law enforcement keeping communities safe and treating people of all racial and ethnic groups equally was extremely or very important to supporters on both sides.

When it comes to immigration, Biden and Trump supporters had opposite views.

According to the survey, 63% of Trump supporters say there should be a national effort to deport undocumented immigrants currently living in the U.S., while only 11% of Biden supporters agreed.

“I think that’s noteworthy because it wasn’t the case in other surveys we’ve done over the last five years or so,” Andrew Daniller, a research associate at Pew Research Center, told Courthouse News.

According to Daniller, only a narrow majority of Trump supporters said they supported a national deportation effort in 2021.

“And that’s striking, both in terms of where Trump voters stand currently, but also in the contrast it shows only 11% of Biden voters say the same thing,” Daniller said.

But even though only a small percentage of Biden supporters say they support a national deportation effort, that number is up 5 points since 2021.

Gender identity is another topic dividing Biden and Trump supporters, with more people than in years past seeing gender identity as something fixed at birth.

For instance, 59% of Biden supporters say people’s gender can differ from their sex at birth while only 9% of Trump supporters agree. In comparison, across parties, only 34% of registered voters say that a person’s gender can change.

According to Daniller, attitudes are changing on the issue.

“In the last couple of years fewer people are saying that gender can be different from your sex at birth and more people are saying that your gender is determined by the sex you are assigned at birth,” Daniller said. “It’s not a huge movement, and we don’t want to overstate that, but it is where voters have gone just in the last couple of years.”

Follow @NikaSchoonover

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